Mining is a centuries-old and worldwide sector with roots in the foundations of civilization and a significant effect on many major economies. In terms of income and items sold, mining accounts for almost 12 percent of the global GDP. Mining always has and will continue to be a need on the planet.
Traditionally relying on fossil fuels to run underground mining machines, the mining industry is known as a carbon-intensive industry. There is a new trend now, and Underground Mining Electrical Equipments is a relatively new innovation.
More and more people are asking mining companies to pay more attention to sustainable development. Mining companies are also under pressure from local communities, consumers and governments. People from all walks of life ask them to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, and protect the health and safety of people living near the mines.
In this context, battery-powered underground mining electrical equipment began to replace vehicles with diesel engines, and equipment with electric motors began to replace hydraulic equipment.
Underground Mining Electrical Equipments
There are several advantages to using underground mining electrical equipments over standard diesel-powered technology. However, it also has the potential to save money.
Battery vs. Gasoline
Underground mining electric vehicles may outperform their diesel-powered counterparts in terms of power. On the other hand, batteries have gotten more powerful over the previous decade, allowing the engines to be even more powerful.
Consequently, today’s battery-powered underground mining electrical equipments are capable of producing around twice as much power as their diesel-powered predecessors. When it comes to hauling bulky goods, underground mining electrical equipment can move 10% quicker than diesel-powered trucks. When it comes to electric vehicles, “the torque is absolutely huge.”
Improved productivity may be a result of this. As an example, consider loading materials quicker, transporting heavier weights, and traveling faster.
More efficient underground mining electrical equipment
This implies that smaller underground mining electrical equipment may transport heavier loads than would ordinarily be possible with bigger diesel equipment. If a diesel-powered truck can carry 40 tonnes of stuff, an underground mining electrical equipment of the same size can carry 50 tonnes, and LHD mining machine for instance.
As a result of the decreased size of underground mining electrical equipment, tunnels may also be smaller. It is thus less necessary to excavate new mines intended for electric machinery than to excavate ones constructed for heavy diesel machinery. Smaller tunnels mean we transport less waste rock and save a lot of energy and money.
Smart Underground Mining Machine
Digitalization in mining is frequently misunderstood by those who are skeptical or even hostile to its idea. They believe that digitization is synonymous with change and instability.
When it comes to the actual digital revolution of the economy and society at large, it’s all about improving the quality of your work. Mining operations may become “smarter” via the use of digital technologies and procedures that enable them to be instrumented, networked, and intelligent thanks to digitalization.
Continuous monitoring and virtual simulations are only two of the many cutting-edge capabilities that modern digital process and control systems enable. Correcting problems in mineral processing, for example, has traditionally been a reactive rather than a proactive process. You can quickly adjust your path if you access dynamic information via networked digital systems and software early on.
A zero-entry, completely automated, and integrated mine may be made possible thanks to digital transformation. As a result, mines will be planned from the ground up with automation in mind, with processes matched to the ore body and variance in execution eliminated. We will be able to fully use the current information flow, which is a huge plus.
Optimizing load times and frequencies may help reduce fuel consumption, vehicle maintenance, and even haul distances by using IIoT technology and data analytics.
Cloud Network for Mining
Every primary sector, including mining, has already been changed by the shift to the cloud. Using an integrated IT cloud-enabled platform and the cloud, a mine’s activities may be seen at the corporate level in real-time. Cloud-enabled devices allow workers to collaborate in real-time, increasing safety and efficiency in any mining operation such as underground loaders. In addition, cloud-based security and infrastructure services may reduce costs while improving capabilities.
Drones and robots for underground mining machine
It is important to note that although the digital transformation is focused on making underground machines smarter, new hardware, transportation, and equipment technologies and tools provide unparalleled brains and brawn to all critical operations.
Mining with AI
Furthermore, these new technologies may integrate with digital transformation activities smoothly, merging data analytics, AI, and machine learning with the unified systems of a smart mine.
Drone technology is already being utilized in the mining sector for various purposes, including increasing safety by flying over potentially dangerous regions for workers. Freeport McMoRan, for example, is using drones to help build steeper slope angles to reduce stripping ratios and waste rock before mining ore.
Drone instead of human
Drone analysis may be used instead when a geologist or geotechnical engineer has to be sent into risky conditions. Using drones to investigate mines has also been used to clear blast zones, employ 3D imaging and scanning, and provide live video and real-time data feeds in regions not safe for human inspection.
The mining sector will continue to be impacted by underground mining electrical equipment. In 2028, the electrification and automation market will be worth $15 billion, according to new research. Innovations in this field are being driven by fuel savings, higher efficiency, and greater production.
More productive mining
Mining operations may expect a 30 percent productivity boost from autonomous hauling systems alone. A 20 to 25 percent reduction in operating expenditures on ventilation and cooling of machinery may be achieved through electrification.
Businesses like Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton are deploying autonomous haulers and automated jumbo drill machine to extract metals with proven efficiency and productivity in the mining industry.
Robotic and automated mining is fascinating because it links directly to AI and machine learning technology developments. Over seventy-seven percent of mining experts polled by MiningIQ believe that automation is the most critical issue. Automation is becoming more critical than ever.
Environmental concerns and sustainability
An ever-growing worldwide awareness of the worth of our natural resources is placing increasing pressure on mining corporations to improve their environmental performance. Fortunately, many of the technical advancements we’ve described so far cut fuel use, pollution, waste, and water usage in mining operations, which is good news.
Environmentally-friendly waste management and acid mine drainage, as well as mining site rehabilitation, may all help ecosystems recover.
But “becoming green” isn’t merely a fashionable marketing campaign or a piecemeal attempt by the business. As a result, mining companies will be expected to rethink their business strategy and conform to the notion of CSR in the future (CSR).
With today’s emphasis on CSR, mining ideas like “green mines” and “zero-waste mining” are poised to gain traction in the following years. A primary aim of “greening mining” is to reduce the environmental effect of mineral extraction and processing via innovative technology, more efficient mining operations, and sustainable practices.
For mining businesses, the good news is that turning “green” may pay them financially. According to the Green Mining Initiative, there was a 40 percent decrease in energy use and an annual savings of $4 million in Ontario, Canada.
“Zero-waste mining” may seem impossible, given the billions of tons of inorganic waste or byproducts miners produce each year. But as more miners look closely at their waste production, they adopt new technology to help cut down on the volume.
Extracting precious minerals and iron from red mud are among the extraction processes being investigated.
Deep-Sea Mining and more
Some of the most promising sectors for the future are emerging as the industry looks forward. While deep-sea mining has been around for some time, underwater technology is only starting to explore what’s feasible in this area.
Deep-sea mining future
We have barely explored 5% of the deep ocean, so enormous extraction prospects exist directly on the seafloor. There are valuable metals in the deep water that can be mined. Metals such as nickel, cobalt, copper, and magnesium may be found in softball-sized polymetallic modules that litter the seafloor. It uses different equipment used in underground mining, but the purpose of underground mining remain the same.
It is possible to create chimney formations rich in iron, silver, and gold by combining hot water from the Earth’s crust with cold water. Most of the rare earth metals found in the Pacific Ocean are in underwater crust formations and mountains.
All of these deep-sea formations have enormous potential and equally huge hurdles for future exploration. There will also be a debate over whether nations and organizations have the right to mine certain portions of the ocean. Because of the delicate nature of the ocean ecosystem, environmentalists are rightfully worried about the effect of mining.
This new deep-sea frontier may usher in a new age of mining productivity if these difficulties can be adequately handled and the hurdles solved. Equipment that can withstand extreme, deep-water conditions must be purchased at a high cost.
While certain deep-sea mining businesses are leading the way, the technology has yet to be tested on a wide scale.
Engineers started by removing diesel engines and gasoline tanks from existing underground mining electrical equipment and replaced them with batteries, but now the research is adopting a more comprehensive approach.. Today, the whole machine is constructed around batteries and electric motors, creating a more efficient machine underground mining electric vehicles, underground mining drilling machines and LHD machine in mining.